Types Of Research Jobs

5 min read

Career Trends: December 6, 2022

Curated by the Knowledge Team of  ICS Career GPS


If you enjoy finding new information on a variety of topics, you may consider becoming a professional researcher. Image Source

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Researchers help companies identify the preferences and requirements of their customers, stay updated with industry trends and develop new products or services accordingly. Many types of companies employ researchers, including environmental agencies, research institutes, food companies, universities, government laboratories and chemical companies.

If you enjoy finding new information on a variety of topics, you may consider becoming a professional researcher.

Here is a list of some popular types of research jobs for you to explore:

1. Agricultural and Food Scientist
  • Agricultural or food research scientists work to improve and protect agricultural establishments and products.
  • They can work for companies or farms that produce food products to improve their quality and inspection standards.
  • In the pharmaceutical industry, they use biotechnology to develop new medicines or research making fuel from agricultural products (biofuels), like ethanol from corn.
  • At universities, they research ways of improving food quality by investigating and improving animal health, soil quality and nutrition levels in food products.
2. Biological Research Scientist
  • Biological researchers study the relationship of plants, animals and other living creatures to the environment.
  • They use their in-depth understanding of life processes to develop new products.
  • These researchers often work for private laboratories, government departments and universities.
  • Their duties vary depending on their job title.
  • Biochemists, for instance, investigate the chemical composition and activities within living things to understand the chemistry of growth, health, metabolism and reproduction.
  • Ecologists study the effect of human activity, population, pollution and natural phenomenon like rain on the environment.
3. Biomedical Scientist
  • Biomedical science researchers find ways to prevent, understand and heal human diseases.
  • Daily tasks include testing the effectiveness of various treatments by studying cells, tissues, blood, cultures and DNA of patients.
  • These researchers may work in a laboratory, running experiments and investigating samples using advanced scientific equipment.
  • The findings of their research are often used to develop vaccines and new surgical technology.
4. Physical Scientist
  • Physical scientists focus on the world’s physical systems, such as weather, volcanoes, earthquakes, rocks and outer space.
  • They may specialise in physics, chemistry, astronomy, geology, nuclear chemistry, meteorology or materials science.
  • Like other research professions, their daily tasks may include researching on projects, collecting and analysing data and publishing reports.
  • In senior roles, physical scientists may be responsible for managing interns and training junior researchers. They can work in any of the following fields:
  1. Aerospace
  2. Mining
  3. Energy Production
  4. Engineering
  5. Manufacturing
5. Research Mathematician
  • People with an aptitude for numbers can find work as research mathematicians.
  • For businesses, they use statistical modelling, trend forecasting and quantitative reasoning to analyse and predict business trends and developments in the market.
  • In the education sector, they use state-of-the-art equipment and advanced computing power to build mathematical models that solve complex problems.
  • When a research mathematician publishes a certain amount of papers per year, they secure academic grants and other funding for research on topics like calculus, algebra and geometry.
6. Research Psychologist
  • A research psychologist uses scientific techniques and theories to understand and explain human behaviour.
  • They may specialise in areas like brain activity, genetics, perception, interpersonal relationships, physiology and clinical mental disorders.
  • Research psychologists can focus on the ways that humans sense and perceive the world.
  • Another option is contributing to the psychology community’s understanding of clinical disorders like depression, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and addiction.
  • They typically present their findings in peer-reviewed journals, conference presentations, academic talks and lectures.
  • The research psychologist’s role may also extend to education, clinical practice and consultation.
7. Economic Research Analyst
  • Economic research analysts aim to solve economic issues related to the manufacture and distribution of goods and services.
  • They collect and analyse data, conduct studies on economic issues, prepare results and provide consultation for clients.
  • They may also work as an independent contractor or as part of an economic consultancy company.
  • Research analysts with a few years of experience can become consultants and project managers.
  • Eventually, companies may hire them as a chief executive officer (CEO), product marketing manager or project manager.
8. Program Researcher
  • Media program researchers work on TV shows, films, podcasts and radio talk shows.
  • They coordinate with producers, presenters, directors, scriptwriters and casting directors.
  • They primarily work in an office setting but may travel for conducting research.
  • Their duties and responsibilities may include running fact-checks and data verification on scripts, presenting accurate information to a show’s creators, who may be scriptwriters, producers and presenters, working with creative teams to conceptualise new show ideas and new content ideas for existing productions and scouting shooting locations and procuring the necessary equipment for shooting.


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(Disclaimer: The opinions expressed in the above mentioned article are those of the author(s). They do not purport to reflect the opinions or views of ICS Career GPS or its staff.)

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